Degree requirements and policies that apply to students enrolled in the Bachelor of Software Engineering (BSE) degree program are included in the Software Engineering program description. Also see Degree Requirements for definitions of the basic terms used in this section.
Academic Enrolment Blocks (Holds)
In some instances a student will be blocked from enrolling in classes. Any student with an enrolment block (hold) should speak to their academic advisor concerning their situation. A student will be blocked, regardless of their academic standing for the term, in the following circumstances:
 after the term in which a student reaches 1.5 failed or excluded units; or
 after the term in which a student enrolled in Mathematical Studies reaches 3.0 failed or excluded units; or
 after the first term in which a student reaches or exceeds 4.0 units of unusable course attempts; or
 when the "First Course" of the Communication Skills requirement is not completed before enrolling in 2A.
Students may be blocked from enrolling in courses for reasons other than those listed here.
Academic Standing within the Faculty
This section specifies the rules that determine a student’s academic standing. A student’s standing determines whether a student is able to proceed in the Faculty or in their chosen plan, how many courses they are able to take in the next term, etc.
Conditions 
Standing 
Any of the following:
 The student has more than 4.0 units of failed or excluded courses, or
 The student’s total unit value of unusable course attempts exceeds 5.0 units, or
 The student did not pass at least two courses in their first fulltime 1A term, unless the one course passed is a math course with a grade of at least 60% and the Standings and Promotions (S&P) Committee has approved the student to continue with their studies, or
 The student cannot earn a degree within the permitted maximum number of course attempts (this requirement may be waived at the discretion of the student’s academic advisor) (see Table 1), or
 In the opinion of S&P, the student is unlikely to profit from further study in the Faculty or is not making satisfactory progress toward fulfilling degree requirements

Required to withdraw – may not continue in Faculty 
No standing above applies, and all of the following:
 The student’s cumulative average (CAV) is lower than 60%, and
 The student has more than 2.0 units and less than or equal to 4.0 units of failed or excluded courses.

Must change to Mathematical Studies; CAV low

No standing above applies, and all of the following:
 The student’s major average (MAV) is lower than 60%, and
 The student has more than 2.0 units and less than or equal to 4.0 units of failed or excluded courses.

Must change to Mathematical Studies; MAV low

No standing above applies, and all of the following:
 The student’s CAV is lower than 60%, and
 The MAV is between the required minimum and 5% lower than that, and
 The student has more than 2.0 units and less than or equal to 4.0 units of failed or excluded courses.

Must change to Mathematical Studies; CAV and MAV low

No standing above applies and the student has more than 2.0 units and less than or equal to 4.0 units of failed or excluded courses.

Must change to Mathematical Studies

No standing above applies, and any of the following:
 Standing from the previous fulltime term or equivalent is Conditional or Probation/Conditional and any MAV is below the required minimum, or
 Any MAV is below the required minimum and the plan’s administrators do not give permission for the student to continue, or
 Any MAV is more than 5% lower than the required minimum, or
 The student is in an Actuarial Science plan and special major average (SMAV) is below the required minimum.

Must change academic plan  plan average(s) too low 
No standing above applies, and all of the following:
 The student’s CAV is lower than 60%, and
 At least one MAV is between the required minimum and 5% lower than that, and
 The plan’s administrators have given permission for the student to continue.

Probation/ Conditional  Must raise averages 
No standing above applies, and the student’s CAV is lower than 60%. 
Probation  Must raise overall program average 
No standing above applies, at least one MAV is between the required minimum and 5% lower than that, and the plan’s administrators have given permission for the student to continue.

Conditional  Must raise plan average(s) 
No standing above applies, and the student’s CAV is lower than 80%. 
Good 
No standing above applies, and the student’s CAV is at least 80%. 
Excellent 
The following table describes the implications of the standings listed above.
Standing 
Implications 
Required to withdraw – may not continue in Faculty 
The student is no longer eligible to study as a Faculty of Mathematics student. This standing normally means that a student is no longer eligible for any subsequent degree studies in the Faculty of Mathematics. Students who are unable to satisfy the major average admission or continuation standard for any honours plan will be required to withdraw from the Math Faculty. However, a student may submit a petition to S&P to enrol in one final term of non degree studies. Such petitions are likely to be granted only if the student is requesting a nondegree term of courses selected to enhance the chances for admission to a program of study outside the Faculty, either at the University of Waterloo or at some other postsecondary institution. A student who is required to withdraw may graduate with a general degree under the Honours Fallback Provision if they meet the requirements when they are required to withdraw. 
Must change to Mathematical Studies; CAV low

The student is no longer eligible to continue in their current Honours plan and their plan/major has been changed to Mathematical Studies. Also, the student is not currently meeting the Faculty’s CAV standards. If enrolled in a coop plan, the student will normally be suspended from the Cooperative Education and Career Action (CECA) employment process during their next academic term. 
Must change to Mathematical Studies; MAV low

The student is no longer eligible to continue in their current Honours plan and their plan/major has been changed to Mathematical Studies. Also, the student is not currently meeting the Faculty’s MAV standards. If enrolled in a coop plan, the student will normally be suspended from the CECA employment process during their next academic term. 
Must change to Mathematical Studies; CAV/MAV low

The student is no longer eligible to continue in their current Honours plan and their plan/major has been changed to Mathematical Studies. Also, the student is not currently meeting the Faculty’s CAV and MAV standards. If enrolled in a coop plan, the student will normally be suspended from the CECA employment process during their next academic term. 
Must change to Mathematical Studies 
The student is no longer eligible to continue in their current Honours plan and their plan/major has been changed to Mathematical Studies. 
Must change academic plan  plan average(s) too low 
The student must change to a different plan/major. 
Probation/ Conditional  Must raise averages 
The implications of both Probationary standing and Conditional standing apply. 
Probation  Must raise overall program average 
The student is not currently meeting the Faculty’s standards. If enrolled in a coop plan, the student will normally be suspended from the CECA employment process during their next academic term. 
Conditional  Must raise plan average(s) 
The student is not currently meeting their plan’s standards. If the student’s standing does not improve (e.g., by raising their MAV(s) to meet the minimum requirements), they will be required to change their plan. 
Good 
The student may continue with their studies. 
Excellent 
The student may continue with their studies, and their maximum course load is increased to 3.0 units. 
Averages for Math Students
The Faculty of Mathematics computes several averages that are used to determine a student’s “standing” within the Faculty. The averages are:
Cumulative Average (CAV): The average mark of all courses taken by a student that meet the following criteria:
 was taken while the student was enrolled at the University of Waterloo,
 is not a specifically excluded course,
 is eligible for credit towards the student’s degree (e.g., ECON 211 would not be included in the CAV because all Math students are barred from taking it) and towards their particular plan (e.g., CS 330 would not be included in a computer science major’s average because it is only for nonmajors).
Term Average (TAV): The TAV is just like the CAV except that the courses included are limited to those taken in a specific term. A TAV is computed for each term in which a student is enrolled in the Faculty of Mathematics.
Major Average (MAV): Courses included in the MAV and average requirements are contained in the table below.
Special Major Average (SMAV): Some plans have a special major average, or SMAV. A SMAV is a kind of MAV. The specific courses in a SMAV are defined in the next section.
Notes
 Courses taken in fall 2013 or later cannot be excluded.
 Failing grades less than 32 and grades of DNW (did not write exam), FTC (failure to complete), NMR (no mark reported), and WF (withdraw/failure) are counted as 32 for averagecalculation purposes.
Major Averages for Math Students
Major/Plan 
Average(s) 
Relevant Courses 
Minimum required average 
Minimum courses for MAV or SMAV 
Actuarial Science 
SMAV 
ACTSC 231, 232, STAT 230/240, 231/241, and all 300/400level math courses 
70% 
3 
Applied Mathematics, Combinatorics and Optimization, Mathematical Optimization, Mathematical Physics, Pure Mathematics, Statistics 
MAV

All math courses at any level 
65% 
3 
Computing and Financial Management 
MAV 
All math courses at any level 
60% 
3 
SMAV 
All courses from the Faculty of Arts 
70% 
3 
Computer Science 
MAV 
CS 136, 138, 146, all subsequent CS major courses, as well as CS courses numbered 600 and higher, CO 487, ECE 222,429, SE 212, 240, 382, 463, 464, 465, and STAT 440

60% 
2 
Information Technology Management 
MAV 
All math courses at any level 
60% 
3 
SMAV 
All BUS, COMM, MSCI, and STV courses 
60% 
3 
Mathematics/Business Administration 
MAV 
All math courses at any level 
60% 
3 
SMAV 
All AFM, BUS, COMM, ECON, HRM, MSCI, and MTHEL courses 
60% 
3 
Mathematics/Chartered Professional Accountancy 
MAV 
All math courses at any level 
60% 
3 
SMAV 
All AFM, COMM, ECON, and MSCI courses (this special major average is calculated after the 1B term and includes courses crosslisted with these labels) 
70% 
3

Mathematical Economics 
MAV 
All math courses at any level 
60% 
3 
SMAV 
All ECON courses 
70% 
3 
Mathematical Finance 
MAV

All math courses at any level 
70% 
3 
Mathematics/Financial Analysis and Risk Management 
MAV 
All math courses at any level 
60% 
3 
SMAV 
All ACTSC, AFM, BUS, COMM, ECON, and MATBUS courses (including courses crosslisted with these labels) 
70% 
3 
All plans not listed above 
MAV 
All math courses at any level 
60% 
3 
Coop Regulations
General Regulations
 Cooperative mathematics students are expected to follow the normal academic/workterm sequence appropriate to their plan from admission through to graduation.
 Students admitted at the 1A level, with the exception of those in the Mathematics/Chartered Professional Accountancy and Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA)/Bachelor of Mathematics (BMath) Double Degree plans, will normally have eight academic terms and six work terms.
 Students may not end their sequence with a work term.
 Students’ requests to rearrange their sequence will normally be approved if all the criteria listed on the Academic/Work Term Sequence Change form are met. Students who alter their sequence without obtaining prior approval may be required to withdraw from the coop system. It is the student’s responsibility to deal with any timetabling difficulties that may arise and to select courses for subsequent terms.
Professional Development (PD) courses
 As specified in Table I, coop students are required to complete a minimum of five different Professional Development (PD) courses.
 PD 1 is required in the academic term prior to the first work term and PD 11 is required during the first work term.
 Students in the Bachelor of Mathematics in Computer Science and Bachelor of Computer Science plans must include PD 10, Professional Responsibility in Computing, as one of their PD courses.
 With the exception of PD 1, PD courses are normally taken during coop work terms.
 Students are required to take a PD course each work term until the requirement is completed.
Work Reports
 Coop students must submit a work report following every work term until they have completed four acceptable work reports. Successful completion of PD 11 meets the requirement for a first work report.
Coop Standing Rules
Conditions 
Coop Standing 
Any of the following:
 The student is required to withdraw from the Faculty
 The student is on academic probation after a fulltime academic term for the second time
 Two unemployed or failed workterm opportunities
 Three missing or failed PD courses
 Two missing or failed work reports
 The S&P Committee deems that the student is unlikely to profit from further participation in coop or is not making satisfactory progress toward fulfilling coop degree requirements. Presentation of such requests to S&P result in a notification to the student and an opportunity to reply prior to S&P’s decision.

Withdraw from coop 
No standing above applies, and any of the following:
 The student is on academic probation after a fulltime term for the first time
 Two missing or failed PD courses and one missing or failed work report.

Coop probation 
No standing above applies, and in the most recent work term, the Employer Evaluation was Excellent or Outstanding. 
Excellent coop standing 
No standing above applies. 
Good coop standing 
The following table describes the implications of the standings listed above.
Coop Standing 
Implications 
Withdraw from coop 
The student must withdraw from coop, and will be transferred to the most closely matching regular plan for which the student is admissible, if one exists. 
Coop probation 
The student must meet with a coop advisor to determine conditions necessary to remediate their coop standing. A student who is on probation in coop solely because of their academic standing will be placed in Good coop standing if they return to Good or Excellent academic standing after one fulltime academic term without missing or failing any PD courses or work reports. The student’s access to the coop employment process will be blocked pending completion of remedial requirements. 
Good coop standing 
Eligible to continue in coop. 
Excellent coop standing 
Eligible to continue in coop. 
Courses on a Work Term
 Coop students on a work term are limited to one course (0.5 units), unless they have written support from their employer to take two courses (1.0 units). COOP, PD, and WKRPT courses are not included in these limits.
Transferring into Coop
 Late transfers to the coop system are considered once per term. Admission is very competitive and is a function of availability and demonstrated academic performance at the university level.
 Regular students in the Faculty of Mathematics may apply to transfer to the coop system of study in their 1B term. To be eligible, at the time of admission to coop, such students must have successfully completed between 4.0 and 6.0 units, including transfer credits.
 Noncoop students from other faculties at the University of Waterloo may apply to transfer to the coop system in the Faculty of Mathematics at the end of their 1B term, as part of the internal transfer process.
 Noncoop students external to the University of Waterloo are eligible to apply for coop in the Faculty of Mathematics only if, at the time of admission, they have successfully completed no more than 3.0 units of math transfer credits and between 4.0 and 6.0 transfer credits overall.
 Applications to transfer to coop from coop students external to the University of Waterloo will be considered on a casebycase basis.
Course Load
 The standard course load is five courses per term (2.5 units). A student may take up to 2.75 units without special permission.
 Students who have a cumulative average of 80% or more and are in Excellent standing have a maximum course load of 3.25 units. Honours coop students should not enrol in six courses with a view to graduating in fewer than eight terms, because coop students must complete at least eight fulltime terms to graduate with the coop designation.
 If a student has courses with INC (incomplete course work) grades on their record, the total unit weight of those courses and the courses enrolled for the current term may not normally exceed 3.25 units. A student may obtain permission from an academic advisor to exceed this limit if an INC will not be completed in the current term because the course is not offered.
 If, during a student’s first 1A term in the Faculty of Mathematics, a student fails one or more courses and has a CAV of less than 65%, then the student’s course load for the following term will be reduced to 2.0 units. Students who will likely be required to withdraw and are also enrolled in the subsequent term may continue in a nondegree term enrolled in a maximum of 2.5 units. Exceptions may be brought to the Associate Dean by plan/program advisors, and will be dealt with on a casebycase basis.
Discretion in the Application of Policies
The Faculty may, in extenuating circumstances, make exceptions to its policies. For example, students who experience difficulties beyond their control, such as serious illness, may be allowed to continue in a plan when a strict interpretation of policy would force them out.
Students should consult their academic advisor to determine whether their circumstances are appropriate to warrant asking for an exception.
Normally, the S&P Committee considers petitions for exceptions to Faculty or University policies and regulations. Students wishing to petition S&P should consult their academic advisor.
Exceptions
For students near graduation, any student who has:
 exceeded the limit for failed or excluded units in Table I, or
 accumulated more than 5.0 units of unusable course attempts, and
 has no more than 0.5 units remaining to satisfy degree requirements, may enrol in one additional term. The student will still qualify for an Honours degree if, at the end of that term, they:
 satisfied all degree requirements other than the failure or attempt limit,
 have credit for at least 1.5 units in the additional term, and
 have no failed or excluded courses, WDs (withdrew, no credit granted), or CLC's (no credit granted, in average) in that term.
No student may take advantage of this provision more than once.
Extended Absences and Withdrawals
Firstyear Withdrawal
A firstyear student who has never previously been registered at a degreegranting postsecondary institution will normally be permitted to withdraw from all of their courses without academic penalty until the last official day of lectures for their first term. These courses will continue to appear on the student’s academic record with a grade of WD. Even though a WD appears, these attempts will not impact a student's academic progress. Such students may resume their studies after an absence of two terms (eight months). Students wishing to pursue this option should contact the Registrar’s Office.
Readmission
A student who has completed at least one term of study and who has been inactive (i.e., not registered as a candidate for a Faculty of Mathematics degree or on an approved Letter of Permission) for at least five consecutive academic terms must apply for readmission.
For example, a student whose last term of enrolment was spring 2016 would not need to apply for readmission if they returned to study in winter 2018 or earlier. However, if this student remained inactive until spring 2018 or later, then they would need to apply for readmission.
Application for readmission must include a résumé covering the inactive period, and must include transcripts from any postsecondary institutions attended in the interim. If the student is readmitted, Faculty policies in effect at the time of readmission will apply unless otherwise stated by the Faculty.
Grades
 The University's grading system describes the grading practice at Waterloo and lists the letter conversion scale for courses taken prior to fall 2001 and Wilfrid Laurier University (Laurier) courses with a letter grade, nonnumeric grades, and unit weights.
 CS 499T is the only course in the Faculty of Mathematics for which numerical grades are not assigned.
 Students in the Faculty of Mathematics may not register for official Audit (AUD) status in a course. This policy applies to all undergraduate students in Mathematics, including nondegree students and students on exchange from other universities, but does not apply to postdegree students.
Other Course Rules
Courses on Letter of Permission
Students in Good or Excellent standing are normally permitted to take nonmath courses at other universities on a parttime basis during terms off campus, provided that the courses are not explicitly required for their particular plan. A Letter of Permission may not be used for any Faculty of Mathematics course. Students wishing to take courses at other universities must submit a completed Letter of Permission Form to the Registrar's Office before taking each course. The S&P Committee will not approve courses taken elsewhere for degree credit after the fact.
Courses taken on a Letter of Permission will be recorded on a student's academic record as transfer credits (CR  credit granted) or transfer failures (TF  transfer failure) as appropriate. A grade of 60 or higher will be recorded as a credit and a grade of less than 50 will be recorded as a failure. Grades of 5059 will result in the course not being recorded on a student’s record.
It will be the student's responsibility to ensure that an official transcript from the host institution is sent to the University of Waterloo Registrar's Office within two months of the completion of the course. Otherwise, a transfer failure will be automatically recorded. Any changes a student wishes to make to an authorized Letter of Permission must be approved in advance by the S&P Committee.
Course Prerequisites
At any time prior to the completion of lectures, if the Faculty discovers that a student has enrolled in a course offered by the Faculty without the appropriate prerequisites and without being granted an override of those prerequisites, the Faculty may purge the student’s registration in the course. Such purging may be done at the request of the instructor, the department offering the course, or the Faculty, but not without the consent of the instructor.
Double Counting of Courses
With the exception of specially approved doubledegree plans (e.g., BBA/BMath Double Degree plan with Wilfrid Laurier University), the Faculty of Mathematics does not allow students to have more than 50% of the course units that they are counting for Mathematics Faculty degree credit be ones that have previously been used, or that are being used simultaneously, to obtain a second degree from another University of Waterloo faculty or from another university.
Policy for Late Switches from Advanced MATH Courses to the Regular Equivalents
At any time before the end of the “Drop, Penalty 1” period, students may switch from an advanced section MATH or STAT course to the equivalent course at the regular honours level:
Advanced Section 
Regular Section 
MATH 145

MATH 135

MATH 146 
MATH 136 
MATH 147 
MATH 137 
MATH 148 
MATH 138 
MATH 245 
MATH 235 
MATH 247 
MATH 237 
MATH 249 
MATH 239 
STAT 240 
STAT 230 
STAT 241 
STAT 231 
Students making this kind of switch will normally only be graded based on course elements from the regular section course. Any marks from the advanced section course will be disregarded. Students are responsible for making up any material in the regular section course that they may have missed, and are required to discuss their situation with the regular section instructor as soon as possible after making the switch.
Students in MATH 147 who have transfer credit for MATH 137 may elect instead to drop the class, retroactive to the first day of lectures. If such a student chooses to switch to MATH 137 instead, then they will forfeit any transfer credit for MATH 137.
Students in MATH 247 who have already gained credit for MATH 237 may elect instead to drop the class, retroactive to the first day of lectures.
The School of Computer Science has a special rule for any firstyear student who has never been previously registered for fulltime study at a degreegranting postsecondary institution (e.g. a university or college) and wishes to transfer from CS 135 to CS 115 (fall and winter terms) or from CS 145 to CS 135 (fall term).
Residency Requirement
Students must normally complete at least 50% of the minimum number of math courses and at least 50% of the total number of units required for a Faculty of Mathematics degree while registered at the University of Waterloo. Students transferring into a coop system of study must complete at least five work terms, unless otherwise specified by plan requirements.